Startseite > Geo Politik > Der CIA Mord, an Erzbischof Oscar Romero rund um die Iran Contra Affäre

Der CIA Mord, an Erzbischof Oscar Romero rund um die Iran Contra Affäre

März 25, 2011
„Learn from History“, 31st Anniversary of the Assassination of Archbishop Oscar Romero
By Kate Doyle and Emily Willard
Global Research, March 24, 2011
Washington, D.C., March 23, 2011 – Thirty one years ago tomorrow, El Salvador’s Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero was shot and killed by right-wing assassins seeking to silence his message of solidarity with the country’s poor and oppressed. The assassination shocked Salvadorans already reeling in early 1980 from attacks by security forces and government-backed death squads on a growing opposition movement. Romero’s murder further polarized the country and set the stage for the civil war that would rage for the next twelve years. In commemoration of the anniversary, the National Security Archive is posting a selection from our digital archive of 12 declassified U.S. documents that describe the months before his death, his assassination and funeral, as well as later revelations about those involved in his murder.

The documents are being posted as President Barak Obama leaves El Salvador, his final stop on a five-day trip to Latin America. Obama spent part of his time in the country with a visit to Monsignor Romero’s tomb last night. Although the United States funneled billions of dollars to the tiny country in support of the brutal army and security forces during a counterinsurgency war that left 75,000 civilians dead, the president made no reference to the U.S. role, seeking in his speeches instead to focus on immigration and security concerns. The day before his visit to Romero’s gravesite, Obama had told an audience in Chile that it was important that the United States and Latin America “learn from history, that we understand history, but that we not be trapped by history, because many challenges lie ahead.”

Just weeks before his murder, Archbishop Romero published an open letter to President Jimmy Carter in the Salvadoran press, asking the United States not to intervene in El Salvador’s fate by arming brutal security forces against a popular opposition movement. Romero warned that U.S. support would only “sharpen the injustice and repression against the organizations of the people which repeatedly have been struggling to gain respect for their fundamental human rights.” Despite his plea, President Carter moved to approve $5 million in military aid less than one year after the archbishop’s murder, as Carter was leaving office in January 1981.

Included in the posting are documents reporting on a secret, behind-the-scene effort by the United States to enlist the Vatican in pressuring Romero over his perceived support for the Salvadoran left; an account of the archbishop’s powerful March 23, 1980, homily, given the day before his assassination; a description of the murder by the U.S. defense attaché in El Salvador; and an extraordinary embassy cable describing a meeting organized by rightist leader Roberto D’Aubuisson in which participants draw lots to determine who would be the triggerman to kill Romero.

Although the declassified documents do not reveal the extent of the plot to kill Romero or the names of those who murdered him, details in them support the findings of the 1993 report by the U.N.-mandated Truth Commission for El Salvador. Released shortly after the signing of the peace accords that ended the war in El Salvador, the report identified D’Aubuisson, Captains Alvaro Rafael Saravia and Eduardo Avila, and Fernando (“El Negro”) Sagrera as among those responsible for the assassination. On March 25 of last year, Carlos Dada of El Salvador’s on-line news site El Faro published an extraordinary interview with Alvaro Saravia, one of the masterminds of Romero’s killing. In the interview, Saravia revealed chilling details of the plot to murder Romero; see a transcript of the interview, “How We Killed the Archbishop”, here and here en español.


The documents posted below are from the National Security Archive’s Digital National Security Archive’s two El Salvador collections, El Salvador: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977–1984 and El Salvador: War, Peace, and Human Rights, 1980–1994. These two full collections, among others, are available through a subscription with the ProQuest research database.



Read the Documents


Document 1
October 11, 1979
Confidential, Cable, “The Archbishop and the Military”, 2 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


In his homily, Archbishop Romero decries repression by the Salvadoran military and criticizes the army for abandoning its role as the nation’s defender to become “guardian of the interests of the oligarchy.”


Document 2
December 17, 1979
Unclassified, Cable, “Archbishop Strongly Urges Agrarian Reform”, 3 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


Archbishop Oscar A. Romero speaks in support of agrarian reform, criticizing the oligarchy for arming those who seek to preserve the status quo and citing the Catholic Church’s Medellin Council recognition of “right of oppressed to exert pressure, but not through armed violence.”


Document 3
January 31, 1980
Secret, Memorandum, [Draft Letter Attached], “Letter from Dr. Brzezinski to the Pope”, 5 pp.
United States. Department of State, Office of the Secretary


Presents draft of letter to Pope John Paul II outlining areas of concern in Central America and requesting assistance in persuading Archbishop Romero not to „abandon“ Revolutionary Governing Junta in favor of more radical leftists in El Salvador.


Document 4
February 19, 1980
Unclassified, Cable, “Text of Archbishop’s Letter to President Carter“, 1 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


Archbishop Romero addresses President Jimmy Carter, imploring him not to provide military aid or any other form of assistance that could exacerbate state violence targeting Salvadoran citizens. “I am very worried by the news that the government of the United States is studying a form of abetting the arming of El Salvador,” Romero writes. “The contribution of your government instead of promoting greater justice and peace in El Salvador will without doubt sharpen the injustice and repression against the organizations of the people which repeatedly have been struggling to gain respect for their fundamental human rights.”


Document 5
March 1, 1980
Confidential, Cable, “Reply to Archbishop’s Letter to President Carter“,1 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


Secretary of State Cyrus R. Vance responds to Archbishop Romero’s letter regarding criticisms of U.S. security assistance to El Salvador, assuring him that President Carter shares his concerns about the human rights of Salvadoran citizens. “Any equipment and training which we might provide would be designed to overcome the most serious deficiencies of the Armed Forces, enhancing their professionalism so that they can fulfill their essential role of maintaining order with a minimum of lethal force.”


Document 6
March 23, 1980
Confidential, Cable “Archbishop’s Homily, March 23”, 4 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


This cable reports on Archbishop Romero’s homily, the day before he was assassinated. He speaks of the increasing tension with Salvadoran security forces and condemns rampant killings: “In the name of God, in the name of this suffering people whose cries rise to heaven more loudly each day, I implore you, I beg you, I order you in the name of God: stop the repression!”


Document 7
March 25, 1980
Confidential, Cable, “Archbishop Romero Assassinated”, 2 pp.
United States Defense Intelligence Agency. Office of the Defense Attaché, El Salvador


This document reports the assassination of Archbishop Romero and includes brief description of events.


Document 8
March 26, 1980
Confidential, Cable, “Archbishop’s Assassination: Peaceful Procession”, 2 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


This cable reports on the procession of thousands of people accompanying Archbishop Romero’s coffin from the basilica to the National Cathedral.


Document 9
March 26, 1980,
Unclassified, Cable, “White House Statement on Archbishop Romero’s Assassination”, 2 pp.
United States. Department of State


The United States government issues statement condemning the assassination of Archbishop Romero.


Document 10
November 19, 1980,
Secret, Cable “Conversation with National Guard Officer”, 3 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


A source from the National Guard tells a U.S. embassy political officer that National Republican Alliance (Alianza Republicana Nacional—ARENA) founder Roberto D’Aubuisson organized a meeting a day or two before the assassination of Archbishop Romero in which “participants drew lots for the task of killing the archbishop.”


Document 11
February 25, 1981
Unclassified, Cable, “El Salvador: Army Officers Implicated in Romero Killing”, 1 pp.
United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Panama


Radio Venceremos clandestinely broadcasts an interview with “disillusioned army officer” Lt. Col. Ricardo Bruno Navarrete implicating Roberto D’Aubuisson, and members of the Salvadoran armed forces in the assassination of Archbishop Romero.


Document 12
December 21, 1981
Secret, Cable, “Assassination of Archbishop Romero”, 2 pp.
United States Embassy. El Salvador


This document is a follow-up to the November 19 embassy cable concerning a meeting to plan the assassination of Archbishop Romero. In it, a U.S. political officer reports additional information from the same National Guard source indicating that Romero’s killer was Walter “Musa” Antonio Alvarez. [The UN Truth Commission Report on El Salvador would later identify Alvarez as involved in conveying money supplied by Roberto D’Aubuisson as payment to Romero’s assassin, see pp. 130-1.]

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  1. albana
    April 8, 2011 um 4:09 pm

    US DELTA Force (auch in Nord Albanien), Green Berets, bildeten die Mörder aus und organisierten die Morde, oft vor einer US Kongreß Anhörung, wenn es um das Geld ging, wurden Anschläge geplant und organisiert. Dann wurde das der Guerilla angedichtet. Drogenhandel wurde von diesen Leuten organisiert.

    Ehemaliger DEA-Agent über den Krieg gegen die Drogen

    John Negroponte, sehr aktiv in diesen Mord Sachen unterwegs. Morde vor den Kindern, inklusive Folter der Eltern, wurde direkt von Bush genehmigt.

    Gelder aus diesem Handel, inklusive Waffenhandel, wurde auf Bankkonto der Verwandten eingezahlt. Damit werden die Kassen der US Banken gefüllt und von Politikern wie Bill Clinton

  2. moour
    Oktober 26, 2014 um 4:34 am

    NarcoNews: Millions Missing From DEA Money-Laundering Operation
    Guest | October 24, 2014 Leave a Comment

    … But No One With the Power to Investigate Seems to Care

    By Bill Conroy

    At least $20 million went missing from money seizures by law enforcers, critical evidence was destroyed by a federal agency, a key informant was outed by a US prosecutor — contributing to her being kidnapped and nearly killed — and at the end of the day not a single narco-trafficker was prosecuted in this four-year-long DEA undercover operation gone awry.

    Those revelations surfaced in a recently decided court case filed in the US Court of Federal Claims in Washington, DC.
    – See more at:

  3. balkansurfer
    Dezember 14, 2016 um 11:44 pm

    American Martyr to Right-Wing Repression
    December 14, 2016

    In 1981, Ronald Reagan signaled Guatemala’s right-wing regime to escalate its death-squad operations, a decision that led to the murder of American priest Stanley Rother, now a candidate for sainthood, writes Nicolas J S Davies.

    By Nicolas J S Davies

    While Time magazine has named Donald Trump its “person of the year” for 2016, the Roman Catholic Church has honored a very different American by nominating Father Stanley Rother for sainthood.

    Father Stanley was a parish priest in Santiago Atitlan in Guatemala, from 1968 until a U.S.-backed death squad assassinated him in 1981. The inspiring life and tragic death of Father Stanley offer a counterpoint to the soulless, materialistic life of Donald Trump, and a life-affirming example of how an American can meet our country’s international brutality head-on in his own life and respond with grace, humanity and extraordinary courage.
    Father Stanley Rother.

    Father Stanley Rother.

    Stanley is the first person born in the United States that the Catholic Church has recognized as a martyr. That he was killed by forces that his own government trained and supported, and that they killed him for the very qualities that make him a saint in the eyes of the Church, should spur Americans to reflect on the untenable moral position of our country in the world.

    Father Stanley arrived in Guatemala 14 years after the CIA overthrew its democratically elected President Jacobo Arbenz in 1954. After the coup, U.S.-backed military governments reversed Arbenz’s modest land reforms and reinforced an economic and political power structure in which the descendants of 10 colonial families still own nearly all the productive land in Guatemala and rule over millions of poor indigenous people who they provide with only the barest minimum of healthcare, education and other public services.

    A failed uprising by left-wing junior military officers at Guatemala’s national military academy in 1960 marked the beginning of 36 years of civil war, in which at least 200,000 people were killed. A U.N.-sponsored Historical Clarification Commission identified 93 percent of the dead and disappeared as victims of the U.S.-backed Guatemalan army, police and death squads, while only 3 percent were killed by guerrillas fighting the government and the killers of the other 4 percent were unknown…
    As the U.S. was unleashing newly trained death squads to counter growing resistance in Iraq in January 2005 in what Newsweek called the “Salvador option,” – but might equally have called the “Guatemala option” – a U.S. officer was unusually candid about the real purpose of the campaign…..

  4. Juli 18, 2019 um 1:17 pm
    SOA – Schule des Terrors

    Fünf der 24 Männer, die letzte Woche von einem italienischen Gericht für ihre Rolle in einer brutalen und blutigen von den USA unterstützten Kampagne des Kalten Krieges gegen südamerikanische Dissidenten zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt wurden, absolvierten eine berüchtigte Schule der US-Armee, die einst für den Unterricht in Folter, Attentat und Unterdrückung der Demokratie bekannt war.

    Am 8. Juli verurteilten Richter des römischen Berufungsgerichtshofs ehemalige bolivianische, chilenische, peruanische und uruguayische Regierungs- und Militärbeamte, nachdem sie sich der Entführung und Ermordung von 23 italienischen Staatsangehörigen in den 1970er und 1980er Jahren während der Operation Condor schuldig gemacht hatten, einer koordinierten Aktion rechter Militärdiktaturen in Chile, Argentinien, Uruguay, Bolivien, Paraguay, Brasilien und später Peru und Ecuador gegen vermeintliche linksgerichtete Bedrohungen. Die Kampagne, die von Entführungen, Folter, Verschwinden und Mord geprägt war, forderte nach Angaben von Menschenrechtsgruppen schätzungsweise 60.000 Menschenleben. Zu den Opfern gehörten Linke und andere Dissidenten, Geistliche, Intellektuelle, Akademiker, Studenten, Bauern und Gewerkschaftsführer sowie indigene Völker.

    Regierung, Militär und Geheimdienste der Vereinigten Staaten unterstützten die Operation Condor mit militärischer Hilfe, Planung und technischer Unterstützung sowie Ausbildung in Überwachung und Folter in der Zeit der Regierungen Johnson, Nixon, Ford, Carter und Reagan. Ein Großteil dieser Unterstützung, die die USA im Rahmen des globalen Kalten Krieges gegen den Kommunismus zu rechtfertigen versuchten, fand in US-Militäreinrichtungen in Panama statt. Dort eröffnete die US-Armee 1946 die School of the Americas (SOA – Schule der Amerikas), die in den folgenden Jahrzehnten 11 lateinamerikanische Staatschefs ausbilden sollte. Keiner von ihnen wurde mit demokratischen Mitteln zum Führer seines Landes, was die Kritiker dazu veranlasste, die SOA „School of Assassins“ („Schule der Mörder“) und „School of Coups“ („Schule der Staatsstreiche“) zu nennen, weil sie so viele von beiden hervorgebracht hat.

    Zu den berüchtigsten Absolventen der SOA gehören der panamaische Drogenhändler und Diktator Manuel Noriega, der genozidale guatemaltekische Militärdiktator Efraín Ríos Montt, der bolivianische Despot Hugo Banzer (bekannt für die Aufnahme des Nazi-Kriegsverbrechers Klaus Barbie), der Kommandant der haitianische Todesschwadron und Militärdiktator Raoul Cédras und der argentinische starke Mann Leopoldo Galtieri, der in der Zeit des „Schmutzigen Krieges“ seines Landes, in der Zehntausende unschuldiger Männer und Frauen verschwunden waren, die Führung innehatte. Unzählige andere Kriegsverbrecher haben an der SOA studiert und manchmal US-Handbücher verwendet, die Entführung, Folter, Mord und Unterdrückung der Demokratie lehrten.

    Einige der schlimmsten Massaker und anderen Gräueltaten, die von den von den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika unterstützten Streitkräften während der Bürgerkriege in El Salvador und Guatemala in den 1980er Jahren verübt wurden, darunter das Massaker an 900 Dorfbewohnern – meist Frauen und Kinder – in El Mozote, die Ermordung des salvadorianischen Erzbischofs Óscar Romero und die Vergewaltigung und Ermordung von vier US-Kirchenfrauen, die mit ihm arbeiteten, wurden von SOA-Absolventen geplant, begangen oder vertuscht. Ebenso eine Reihe von Kettensägenmassakern in Kolumbien, die Ermordung von vier niederländischen Journalisten in El Salvador, die Ermordung eines ehemaligen chilenischen Beamten und seines US-Assistenten bei einem Autobombenanschlag 1976 in Washington, DC und viele andere Gräueltaten.

    Es kann nun festgestellt werden, dass mehrere Männer, die letzte Woche in Rom zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt wurden, auch SOA-Absolventen sind. Laut einer Datenbank mit über 60.000 SOA-Alumni, die von der School of the Americas Watch (SOAW), einer 1990 von Father Roy Bourgeois gegründeten Aktivistengruppe mit Sitz in Georgia aus US-Militärdaten zusammengestellt wurde, gehören fünf SOA-Alumni zu den 24 Männern, die vom italienischen Gericht für schuldig befunden wurden. Zwei von ihnen gehören laut SOAW zu den „berüchtigsten Absolventen“ der SOA: der ehemalige bolivianische Innenminister Luis Arce Gómez, der derzeit eine 30-jährige Haftstrafe wegen Völkermord, Mord und Drogenhandel verbüßt, und Luis Alfredo Maurente, ein uruguayischer Captain, der in die Folterung und das Verschwinden von fast 100 Menschen in Uruguay und Argentinien verwickelt ist. Arce Gomez absolvierte 1958 Kommunikations-, Taktik- und Reparaturkurse für Funkgeräte an der SOA; Maurente besuchte 1969 und 1976 die SOA und studierte militärische Nachrichtentechnik. Die drei anderen SOA-Absolventen, die unter den 24 Angeklagten aufgedeckt wurden, sind: Hernán Ramírez Ramírez (Chile; Kommandokurs, 1970), Ernesto Avelino Ramas Pereira (Uruguay; Motoroffizierskurs, 1962) und Pedro Antonio Mato Narbondo (Uruguay; nicht spezifiziert, 1970).

    Die SOA arbeitete von 1946 bis 1984 in Panama und wurde dann nach Fort Benning, Georgia, verlegt. Um sich inmitten des wachsenden öffentlichen Aufschreis über Gräueltaten der Absolventen ein neues Gesicht zu geben, änderte die SOA im Jahr 2000 ihren Namen in Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation (WHINSEC – Institut für Sicherheitszusammenarbeit der Westlichen Hemisphäre), mit einem stärkeren Schwerpunkt auf den Menschenrechten. Bis heute sorgen Absolventen der Schule jedoch für zweifelhafte Schlagzeilen: vier der sechs Generäle hinter dem honduranischen Staatsstreich 2009 und ehemalige mexikanische Kommandos, die heute als Söldner für internationale Drogenkartelle arbeiten, finden sich unter den berüchtigteren Absolventen der jüngeren Vergangenheit.

    Es ist unklar, ob viele der Angeklagten im Verfahren in Rom vor Gericht gestellt werden, da alle bis auf eine der 24 Personen unter dem Rechtsbegriff der universellen Gerichtsbarkeit in Abwesenheit verurteilt wurden. Uruguay, das keine lebenslangen Freiheitsstrafen zulässt, hat zuvor Personen eingesperrt, die wegen ähnlicher Verbrechen verurteilt wurden. Ein Urteil eines italienischen Gerichts vom Januar 2017 hatte acht der Angeklagten zu lebenslanger Haft verurteilt, darunter den verstorbenen ehemaligen bolivianischen Diktator Luis García Meza, den ehemaligen peruanischen Präsidenten Francisco Morales Bermúdez und den ehemaligen uruguayischen Außenminister Juan Carlos Blanco, der sich nun in Montevideo unter Hausarrest befindet, während 19 weitere aufgrund von Verjährungsfristen freigesprochen wurden. Diese Freisprüche wurden durch die Berufungsentscheidung vom Montag aufgehoben.

    erschienen am 18. Juli 2019 auf > > Artikel

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