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China kontrolliert den $ und nun auch den Euro!


It’s Official: China Is The „Mystery“ Daily Buyer Of Billions Of Euros

Submitted by Tyler Durden on 06/29/2011 21:25 -0400

Over the past two weeks, we have been suggesting, tongue in cheekily, that despite the relentless desires of everyone to sell the EUR, it has continued to drift higher, due to some inexplicable force with bottomless pockets, which, after some deductive logic, we assumed was China. It turns out we were correct. Naturally, figuring out what China does with its $3 trillion in foreign reserves is sometimes more complex than brain surgery (except what it does every time it sees a barrel of oil for sale: then it is pretty much guaranteed what it will do). But when it comes to preserving its 3 rounds of horrendous European down payments, it was pretty logical that China would do everything in its power to prevent a waterfall effect that would result in Europe imploding in a ball of illiquid singularity. The WSJ has confirmed that China’s SAFE is actively doing all it can to transfer billions of its dollar-denominated holdings into euros. And while this does not mean the EUR is the new reserve currency, it certainly means that China has now become the deciding factor as to just who is (much to the chagrin of Markel, and delight of Geithner… for the time being).

From the WSJ:

China’s deep pockets are momentarily keeping the euro supported.

But with Greece’s financial future still uncertain even after lawmakers passed an austerity package on Wednesday, and the single currency’s long-term prospects far from assured, Beijing risks learning a lesson about trying to fight a market more inclined to sell than buy.

For months, whispers of „Asian official buying“ have permeated markets when the euro fell below certain levels. That talk has kept euro/dollar hemmed into a tight seven-cent range since late May, even as fears of a Greek default make traders disinclined to hold the single currency.

China, the world’s biggest holder of foreign-exchange reserves, has pledged financial support to the distressed euro-zone periphery while touting its economic links to Europe.
And with the PBoC not having a bloated balance sheet, courtesy of trillions of Chinese bad debt being held off balance sheet, nobody dares to step in front of a train whose EUR buying capacity is, at least in theory, limited only by the notional amount of how much garbage America’s gadget-addicted middle class will buy from a very mercantilist China. To wit:

There are perils to China’s strategy, however. Most market observers agree that it is never a good idea to fight the market. Just ask the European Central Bank which spent months buying distressed periphery bonds to calm markets–only to have yields surge amid fears of a Greek default.

However, investors appear reluctant to go against China’s vast economic resources.

China holds more than $3 trillion in foreign-exchange reserves, with an estimated 60% of those in dollars. Its strategy toward the beleaguered euro zone helps it accomplish two goals: expanding its global reach and satisfying the need to diversify its vast reserves.
Anyone who has followed the EURUSD on an intraday basis will be familiar with the following trading pattern:

„The market is inclined to sell the euro on rallies [whereas] China wants to buy it on dips,“ said Michael Woolfolk, senior currency strategist at BNY Mellon in New York. „It maintains the current range-bound conditions until we get clarification on the long-term outcome for Greece.“
How much EUR is China buying (and how many USD is it selling)? A lot.

Analysts point to official data showing that Chinese U.S. Treasurys holdings have fallen by at least $300 billion recently. Analysis of flows by Bank of America-Merrill Lynch shows that monetary authorities have been net sellers of dollars over the past four weeks, translating them into euros.

By looking at the rate of China’s foreign-asset accumulation, Woolfolk estimates that authorities sell about $2 billion per trading session, with roughly a third converted into euros.

That dovetails with research by Douglas Borthwick, a managing director at currency broker Faros Trading.

Based on asset-allocation trends by the China Investment Corporation (CIC), he estimates the country could invest 500 billion euros ($722 billion) overall in Europe over five years, with 20% devoted to euro-zone peripheries. „That would buy a large amount of goodwill and lubricate other sensitive purchases throughout Europe,“ he said.

That doesn’t mean China’s largesse comes without limits.
And just as we have suggested before, the only thing that will prevent China from layering more money after bad, is a terminal event, which however China will do everything in its power to prevent by entwining the fate of Europe’s banks with its own, as we suggested over the weekend.

Analysts see a remote but growing possibility of two worst-case scenarios. Greece dropping out of the euro, or fears about insolvency bringing the troubled economies of Spain, Ireland or Portugal to their knees.

If either of those come to pass, it may give China pause about throwing good money after bad.
The irony is that it is no longer the US which is pursuing a weak dollar, but its currency pegged partners, for whom a strong euro is just as critical important, China, that is doing all it can to boost US exports, which, however it knows, do not exist (aside from financial innovation of course).

The question now is: how long before Germany says it has had enough of China manipulating the European currency to a level that would almost make more sense for Germany to get out of the currency (which is costing the CDU and Merkel endless political credibility) and just return to the DEM. Alas, since Germany’s banks are just as reliant on China as they are on the Fed, Merkel, or rather gher export sector, has now found itself between the Fed FX swap line Scylla and the Chinese mercantilist model charybdis.

Good luck with that Angela.

http://www.zerohedge.com/article/its-official-china-mystery-daily-buyer-billions-euros

128 Milliarden $, Korruption Geld überweisen Beamte Chinas ins Ausland pro Jahr

„Zug von Ameisen“ mit Geldkoffern

Kategorien:Europa, Ex-Kommunistische Länder Schlagwörter: , ,

NATO: Military Planning for Berlin Emergency (1961-1968)


https://i1.wp.com/www.nato.int/nato_static/assets_enh/layout/logo_nato.gif

Files On-line

Military Planning for Berlin Emergency (1961-1968)

Administrative history/Scope and content:

Following the Soviet note of 27 November 1958 which challenged the status quo established by the Potsdam Agreement, the Three Western Powers decided on 4th April 1959 to set up a Planning Group, named Live Oak, to prepare plans on land and in the air which would guarantee West Berlin’s access and would help assess Soviet’s intentions.

On 2nd April 1959 and 21st September 1960 respectively , the French and UK Representatives to the North Atlantic Council presented the Three Powers’ view on the measures to be taken in case of a crisis and on the need for coordination between NATO and Live Oak.

The crisis of 13 August 1961 and the erection of the Berlin wall, resulted in an acceleration of NATO’s plans for Berlin Emergency and the adoption of temporary measures to strengthen the Alliance’s military machinery.

More…

  • Arrangement note:

Conditions of Access and Use:

 

 

Kategorien:Europa Schlagwörter: , , , ,

Die „Moon“ Sekte und der UN General Sekretär Ban Ki-Moon

Juni 27, 2011 9 Kommentare

October 5, 2006 — WMR’s „Special Alert“ on possible links between the favored next UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and the Unification Church of Sun Myung Moon, a strong Bush family political and financial supporter, has brought indignant replies from certain members of Ban Ki-moon’s support network. They are claiming that Ban Ki-moon was carefully vetted before being nominated by the Korean government.

However, given the close ties between the Korean government and Sun Myung Moon’s organization, that is little consolation. Attention is drawn to a report of the Report of the Subcommittee on International Organizations of the Committee on International Relations, U.S. House of Representatives of October 31, 1978 (Investigation of Korean-American Relations). This is what the report stated about the Unification Church:

„In pursuit of this and other goals, the Moon Organization has attempted, with varying degrees of success, to gain control over or establish business and other secular institutions in the United States and elsewhere, and has engaged in political activities in the United States. Some of these activities were undertaken to benefit the ROK Government or otherwise to influence U.S. foreign policy . . . While pursuing its own goals, the Moon Organization promoted the interests of the ROK Government, and at times did so in cooperation with, or at the direction of, ROK agencies and officials. The Moon Organization maintained mutually beneficial ties with a number of Korean officials . . . The subcommittee found that the Moon Organization has had a number of influential allies in the Korean Government, including Kim Jong Pil, Pak Chon Kyu, and others. Although investigations and publicity in the 1976-78 period appear to have had an effect on the degree of influence Moon’s supporters had with the Korean Government, there were continuing indications that the Moon Organization retained significant support.

„Moon, like Tongsun Park, showed a keen understanding of the use of imagery in building political influence. Just as Tongsun Park used his close relationship with a few Congressmen to attract others, Moon used the names and pictures of prominent Americans, Japanese, Koreans, and others to create an image of power and respectability for himself and his movement. The multifaceted Moon Organization thereby obtained the help and cooperation of numerous Americans who had no idea they were contributing to Moon’s plan for world theocracy.

„Of particular concern is the Moon Organization’s involvement in the production and sale of M-16 rifles and other weapons provided to Korea under U.S. aid programs and subject to the Arms Export Control Act. In late 1977, Moon Organization representatives tried to renegotiate a coproduction agreement between Colt Industries and the ROK Government. The circumstances suggested they were secret envoys of the Korean Government which, under the coproduction agreement, has exclusive control over M-16 production. Although the ROK Government said it wanted to produce 300,000 extra M-16’s because of the need to equip its own forces, Moon Organization tried to get Colt’s agreement to export guns to third countries.“

Questions about „Moonie“ ties still plague Bush favorite to become next UN Secretary General

The Austrian government reportedly vetted Kurt Waldheim before his election as UN Secretary General in 1972. It was later discovered that Waldheim served in Greece as a German SA-Reiterscorp (Stormtrooper-Cavalry Corps) and was complicit in war crimes. Waldheim’s vetting in 1972 was carried out by the Austrian government, then headed by the Jewish Chancellor Bruno Kreisky. Not only did Kreisky endorse Waldheim but the Soviet Union bought off on his candidacy. The Waldheim experience shows that the Secretary General selection process involves a great deal of nationalistic pride on the part of the sponsoring nation on behalf of their candidate. The skeletons in closets rarely emerge.

It is being reported that some Asian nations, particularly Japan, Indonesia, India, and Thailand, are now having serious second thoughts about Ban Ki-moon’s candidacy.

http://www.waynemadsenreport.com/

Zitat:
October 4, 2006 — SPECIAL ALERT. The Unification Church, the global enterprise of South Korean Rev. Sun Myung Moon (born Yong Myung Moon), may be attempting to take control of the United Nations through the all-but-certain election of South Korean Foreign Minister Ban Ki-moon as UN Secretary General. Foreign Minister Moon is slated to be formally elected Secretary General on October 9 by the UN Security Council. Moon has already won four straw polls by the UN Security Council and is now considered a shoo-in to replace Kofi Annan.Some informed UN sources are concerned that Moon lists his religious affiliation as „non-denominational Christian,“ a code word often used by the „Moonies“ for the Unification Church. In addition, Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice and UN ambassador John Bolton are attempting to have former Washington Times editor Josette Sheeran Shiner become the next Executive Director of the World Food Program. Sheeran Shiner is a member of Sun Myung Moon’s Unification Church. The term of the World Food Program Executive Director is five years. Shiner is currently the Under Secretary of State for Economic, Business and Agricultural Affairs.

Moonies making a play for control of United Nations?

Although Ban Ki-moon and Sun Myung Moon are not related, some UN members may sense that there is something amiss about the Bush administration’s strong support for the South Korean Foreign Minister given the close links between some Bush officials and the „Moonies.“ There were a few „discourage“ and „no opinion“ ballots cast by Security Council members on Ban Ki-moon. Although the balloting is secret, it is believed that France and the United Kingdom are not thrilled with the Moon nomination and that Japan, a non-permanent member that holds the Security Council presidency for October, is also reportedly opposed to Moon. Ban Ki-moon has lived in the United States for a number of years, having gone to graduate school at Harvard and serving two tours at South Korea’s Washington embassy, a diplomatic mission that maintains close contacts with the Sun Myung Moon organization in Washington, DC. The Unification Church, in addition to owning the Washington Times, also owns United Press International.

Moonie attempt to take over United Nations? Possible links between all-but-certain next UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, Sun Myung Moon, and Josette Sheeran Shiner nomination as UN World Food Program director. Left to right: Ban Ki-moon, Sun Myung Moon and his wife Hak Ja Han being crowned in the Dirksen Senate Office Building, and Josette Sheeran Shiner, Unification Church member and State Department official.

Sun Mying Moon, who was excommunicated by the Korean Presbyterian church for preaching heresy, claims he is the Messiah and intends to take control of the world. The South Korean government, which has close ties with Sun Myung Moon’s organization, has used its considerable public relations machinery to convince the Security Council members to elect Ban Ki-moon as the next Secretary General. Only a veto by one of the four other permanent members — France, United Kingdom, Russia, or China — can derail the possibility of a Unification Church ally from becoming the next UN Secretary General.

http://www.waynemadsenreport.com/

„Die Mun-Bewegung“ 
Broschüre herausgegeben 1997 vom Bundesverwaltungsamt im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend 

einschliesslich der Erläuterungen zu den Im Reich des Bösen –Prozessen gegen die Broschüre.

Die Clintons studierten in der MOON Sekte Universität in Georgtown, ebenso Georg Tenet, eine faschistische Welt Beherrschungs Sekte.

http://www.AGPF.de Infos über Sekten, Kulte und den Psychomarkt AGPF – Aktion für Geistige und Psychische Freiheit Bundesverband Sekten- und Psychomarktberatung e.V. Adresse dieser Seite: http://www.AGPF.de/Moon.htm  Zuletzt bearbeitet am 25.7.2009 Impressum | Zur Homepage | Zur Inhaltsseite | Zum Begriff Sekte | AGPF-Spendenkonto 

  Die Moon-Sekte(Mun-Sekte, Mun-Bewegung, Mun-Organisation):Prozesse um Einreiseverweigerung für Moon beendet 
 

Inhalt dieser Seite: Zum Thema auch: In anderen Websites:

Im Reich des Bösen – Die Moon-Sekte, ZDF, August 1991

 

Der Nachschub der Amerikaner wird immer schwieriger in Pakistan


Some US weapons are ending up in the wrong hands.
Pakistan us weapons smuggling 2011 6 21
Aamir Latif – Wednesday, June 22, 2011 – 06:20
PESHAWAR — U.S.-made weapons, which are either snatched by the Taliban or sold by defected Afghan soldiers, have been available on the black market both in Pakistan and Afghanistan. full story
PAKISTAN
Imperial Eye on Pakistan

– by Andrew Gavin Marshall – 2011-05-28
According to the Pentagon, Pakistan could face a “rapid and sudden” collapse.
U.S. And NATO Escalate World’s Deadliest War On Both Sides Of Afghan-Pakistani Border

– by Rick Rozoff – 2011-03-01
Drone missile attacks conducted by the CIA killed in the neighborhood of 1,000 people in Pakistan last year
Pakistan and the „Global War on Terrorism“

– by Michel Chossudovsky – 2008-01-08
The tenets of „Islamic fundamentalism“ sponsored by US intelligence were adopted by the military dictatorship of General Zia.
Bhutto’s Assassination: Who Gains?

– by F. William Engdahl – 2008-01-04
Bhutto was murdered at the moment her PPP party appeared about to win a resounding election victory
Und news from Nord Korea
Satellite images show fresh construction at the Yongbyon nuke site.
Korea weapons chemical nuclear
David Case – Wednesday, June 22, 2011 – 06:32
North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il has fresh questions to answer about his nuclear program, according to the Institute for Science and International Security full story

Die kriminellen NATO Rebellen in Libyen und aktuellen NATO Verbrechen


Der NATO, dem ITCY fehlt jede Legitimität in Libyen, Verbrecher Banden zu unterstützen!
Wenn es ein demokratisches System ist, was das Volk vertritt, so ist es die Stammesversammlung, welche die NATO Morde auf das schärfste verurteilt, wie wir hier zeigen. Ein weiteres Verbrechen, der NATO Terror und Verbrecher Organisation.

Was NATO-Bomben in Libyen anrichten

von Freeman am Mittwoch, 22. Juni 2011 , unter , ,
Was war schon wieder der Auftrag den die NATO sich selber wegen Libyen gestellt hat? Ach ja, mit Bombenangriffe die Zivilbevölkerung vor Gaddafi schützen. Ein völliger Widerspruch in sich, nach dem Motto „Krieg ist Frieden“. Der Frieden eines Friedhofs. Hier sehen wir Aufnahmen was diese Bomben wieder anrichten, tote Kinder und zerstückelte Körper von Zivilisten, genau…
Diebesgut der NATO Rebellen in Libyen, welche ihre Plünderungs Feldzüge durchführen in alter arachischer Clan Tradition

Afghanisches Dorf von der Landkarte getilgt

Samstag, 22. Januar 2011 , von Freeman um 12:05

Die folgenden Fotos mit vorher und nachher zeigen was die NATO-Koalitionstruppen für einen Horror in Afghanistan anrichten. Das Dorf Tarok Kolache im Tal von Arghandad wurde mit 25 Tonnen an Bomben und Granaten im Oktober 2010 komplett ausradiert.

Laut MailOnline wehrten sich die Aufständischen wiederholt gegen Angriffe der ausländischen Besatzungstruppen. Nach zwei Versuchen das Dorf zu erobern, was zu hohen Verlusten auf beiden Seiten führte, befahl Oberstleutnant David Flynn, US-Kommandeur der Joint Task Force 1-320, die Pulverisierung des Dorfes.

Die Amerikaner verfolgen damit die gleiche verbrecherische Militär- strategie wie in Vietnam, nach dem Motto: “Wir müssen das Dorf zerstören um es zu retten!

Flynn sagte nach dem Angriff: „Es war der einzige Weg wie ich meinen Männern das Vertrauen zurückgeben konnte, wieder in den Einsatz zu gehen!

Der einzige Weg???

Die amerikanischen Soldaten waren schon immer elende Feiglinge, können nicht kämpfen, ziehen sich beim kleinsten Widerstand zurück und rufen nach Luftunterstützung, damit diese mit einem Bombenteppich alles plattmacht

Hier weiterlesen: Alles Schall und Rauch: Afghanisches Dorf von der Landkarte getilgt http://alles-schallundrauch.blogspot.com/2011/01/afghanisches-dorf-von-der-landkarte.html#ixzz1Q2jk6Bzk

Kommentar: den armen Afghanischen Dorf Bewohnern auch noch die Häuser, Wasser Quellen und die Felder zu zerstören ist ein Verbrechen der NATO

Pro Gadaffi ! Alle 850 Stämme Libyens verurteilen koloniale Aggression des Westens

Das ist der Megagau für die Politik der USA und der Willigen .Alle Vertreter der Stämme des Landes verurteilen die koloniale Politik der Kreuzzüge und den Krieg des Westens gegen das Land.

Auch die Stämme aus dem Osten fordern die Einheit des Landes und stellen sich ganz offensichtlich gegen den Westen.

Damit ist der Krieg der USA und der Willigen gegen Libyen endgültig gescheitert.

Die Konferenzteilnehmer wollen eine Nationale Konferenz einberufen.

Die Konferenzteilnehmer fordern eine Generalamnesty für die Kämpfenden des Bürgerkrieges für einen Neuanfang und die Konferenz bezeichnet in einer Erklärung die Rebellen als Verräter.

Zudem wird ein Friedensmarsch zur Entwaffnung der Rebellen im Osten geplant.

Die Stämme geloben, nicht mit Gadaffi zu brechen und ihn nicht im Stich zu lassen.

Libya tribal meeting calls for general amnesty | ABS-CBN News | Latest Philippine Headlines, Breaking News, Video, Analysis, Features

However, parts of the statement referred to rebels as „traitors“ and pledged not to „abandon“ or „forsake“ Libyan strongman Moamer Kadhafi, whose ouster the rebels are demanding, raising doubts about both calls for reconciliation and the overall representativeness of the conference.The statement also called for marches to „liberate“ rebel-held towns.
„The conference also calls all Libyan tribes neighbouring the towns and cities hijacked by armed groups to move peacefully in popular marches to liberate those highjacked towns, disarming the armed rebels,“ it said.

It is unclear how disarming the rebels could be accomplished peacefully, and no further details were provided.

YouTube – National Conference for Libyan Tribes, Tripoli 5 May 2011

Mittlerweile hat auch der Papst ein Ende der Nato-Aggression gefordert .

Ist der Versuch des Sturzes von Gadaffi gescheitert
und wird der Westen dann weiterhin auf politischen Mord von Gadaffi oder seiner Söhne und Töchter setzen und
Selbstjustiz wie ja angeblich im Falle Bin Laden praktiziert dort auch betreiben ?

Krieg und Frieden in Rom: Der Vatikan fordert ein Ende der NATO-Luftangriffe gegen Libyen. Der Westen müsse statt dessen mit Staatschef Muammar Al-Ghaddafi verhandeln, erklärte Monsignor Giovanni Innocenzo Martinelli. Der Apostolische Vikar lebt seit 40 Jahren in Libyen und hat in den vergangenen Wochen wiederholt auf die zivilen Opfer des NATO-Bombardements aufmerksam gemacht. Der Bischof hat die Unterstützung des Papstes. Vatikansprecher Federico Lombardi sagte laut dapd, der Heilige Stuhl unterstütze seinen langjährigen Gesandten in Tripolis. Martinelli sei »eine Autorität, die die Situation kennt«.In einem Interview mit AP ging Bischof Martinelli mit den NATO-Staaten ins Gericht. Der Westen habe keinerlei Recht, »ein Land zu betreten und den Führer zu eliminieren, weil er Verbrechen verdächtigt wird«.

06.05.2011: Stoppt das Töten (Tageszeitung junge Welt)

Beweisbilder: Nato bombardiert Schule in Libyen
YouTube – LIbya. Tripoli. Bombes. film 6012.

Ergänzung
Original-Kommentar zum Youtube-Video:

National Conference for Libyan Tribes, Tripoli 5 May 2011
Libyan tribal leaders attend a large gathering entitled the National Conference for Libyan Tribes in Tripoli. About 2,000 chiefs were present, representing all of Libya`s 850 tribes and the gathering was organized by the tribes themselves. Some leaders from east come to Tripoli via Cairo and Tunisia. All tribal chiefs called „colonial, crusader“ aggression by Western forces to end immediately and for Libyan unity. The world needs to listen to the tribes of Libya, not to the people meeting in Rome.

Videos: Libya: SIRTE, 21th July 2011 – Massive Protests against NATO-Aggression

21_sirte.jpg

„I cry about all this. …we are right, our leader is right, and we will be victorious,“ said Iman Hussein, a university student wearing a watch whose face showed Gaddafi in uniform. Like many others at the rally, she said she saw Libya’s oil wealth as the real reason for Western involvement and the West’s encouragement of a rebel movement that had wrenched many Libyans apart. „It is impossible to divide this country. The people who want this are not Libyans,“ she said….
  continua / continued avanti - next    [79800] [ 22-jul-2011 03:12 ECT ]

 

 

Impeachment: If Not Obama, Who?
Glen Ford

21crimes_r_crimes.jpg

July 21, 2011 – There was a time when much of the public clamored for justice to rain down on White House illegalities, through impeachment. But then came Barack Obama, who made George Bush’s crimes his own and „then proceeded to out-Bush Bush, especially when it came to wielding imperial power and doing away with what’s left of due process and the rule of law.“ ….
  continua / continued avanti - next    [79807] [ 22-jul-2011 12:31 ECT ]

 

Kategorien:Geo Politik Schlagwörter: , , , ,

Das pakistanisch-amerikanische Verhältnis nach dem Tod Osama bin Ladens


von Christian Wagner

Die Tötung Osama bin Ladens durch amerikanische Spezialkräfte am 2. Mai 2011 hat das schon lange angespannte Verhältnis zwischen Pakistan und den USA einer weiteren Belastungsprobe ausgesetzt. Dabei hätte zumindest theoretisch die Chance bestanden, die Beziehungen grundlegend zu verbessern, wenn die Aktion gegen bin Laden als gemeinsamer Erfolg der Sicherheitsdienste beider Staaten dargestellt worden wäre. Pakistan hätte daraus immense politische, militärische und wirtschaftliche Vorteile ziehen können. Dass diese Chance verpasst wurde, zeigt im Umkehrschluss, wie schlecht es um die bilateralen Beziehungen tatsächlich bestellt ist. Zugleich taucht damit die Frage auf, wie Pakistan sich künftig außenpolitisch ausrichten will und welche Haltung es zur Stabilisierung in Afghanistan an den Tag legen wird.

Zur vollständigen Studie SWP-Aktuell 2011/A 28, Juni 2011, 4 Seiten

Kategorien:Geo Politik Schlagwörter: , , ,

128 Milliarden $, Korruption Geld überweisen Beamte Chinas ins Ausland pro Jahr


„Zug von Ameisen“ mit Geldkoffern

Laut der Untersuchung sind seit Mitte der 1990er-Jahre bis 2008 etwa 18.000 Beamte aus dem Land verschwunden, weil sie offenbar genug Geld durch Bestechung kassiert hatten. Ein Großteil habe sich ins Ausland abgesetzt, einige seien auch in China untergetaucht.

Besonders beliebt bei korrupten Beamten sind die USA, Kanada, Australien und die Niederlande. Dorthin seien vor allem hochrangige Beamte ausgesiedelt. Niederrangige Beamte, die vermutlich nicht so viel Geld kassieren konnten, mussten sich dem Bericht zufolge mit chinesischen Nachbarländern begnügen, darunter Thailand, Malaysia oder auch Russland.

Mit sich nahmen sie 123 Milliarden Dollar, die sie in einem Zeitraum von etwa 15Jahren kassiert hätten, schreiben die Studienautoren. Welche Summen für die Bestechung von Beamten in China in diesem Zeitraum insgesamt bezahlt wurden, ist in dem Bericht nicht erhoben.
………

Verfahren gegen 146.000 Beamte

Im vergangenen Jahr gab es gegen 146.000 Beamte ein Disziplinarverfahren (nicht nur wegen Korruption, sondern wegen verschiedenster Vergehen), 5373 wurden angeklagt.

Premier Wen sprach bei einem Auftritt im März offen davon, dass „einige Bereiche unseres Landes ahttps://geopolitiker.wordpress.com/wp-admin/post-new.php

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Corrupt officials took $124bn out of China

By Jamil Anderlini in Beijing

Published: June 16 2011 19:08 | Last updated: June 16 2011 19:08

Corrupt Chinese officials smuggled an estimated Rmb800bn ($123.6bn) of ill-gotten gains out of the country over a 15-year period, according to a report released by China’s central bank.

nfällig sind für Korruption“. Als eine Folge müssen hochrangige Beamte ihre Vermögens- und Einkommensverhältnisse offenlegen.

http://diepresse.com/home/politik/aussenpolitik/

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Corrupt officials took $124bn out of China

By Jamil Anderlini in Beijing

Published: June 16 2011 19:08 | Last updated: June 16 2011 19:08

Corrupt Chinese officials smuggled an estimated Rmb800bn ($123.6bn) of ill-gotten gains out of the country over a 15-year period, according to a report released by China’s central bank.

Corruption in the People’s Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political corruption
Corruption Perceptions Index, 2010
Corruption Perceptions Index, 2010
Concepts
Electoral fraud · Economics of corruption
Nepotism · Bribery · Cronyism · Slush fund

Corruption by country

The People’s Republic of China suffers from widespread corruption. For 2008, China was ranked 72 of 179 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. Means of corruption include graft, bribery, embezzlement, backdoor deals, nepotism, patronage, and statistical falsification.[1]

Cadre corruption in post-1949 China lies in the „organizational involution“ of the ruling party, including the regime’s policies, institutions, norms, and failure to adapt to a changing environment in the post-Mao era.[2] Like other socialist economies that have gone through monumental transition, post-Mao China has experienced unprecedented levels of corruption,[3] making the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) „one of the most corrupt organisations the world has ever witnessed,“ according to Will Hutton.[4]

Public surveys on the mainland since the late 1980s have shown that it is among the top concerns of the general public. According to Yan Sun, Associate Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York, it was corruption, rather than democracy as such, that lay at the root of the social dissatisfaction that led to the Tiananmen protest movement of 1989.[3] Corruption undermines the legitimacy of the CCP, adds to economic inequality, undermines the environment, and fuels social unrest.[5]

Since then, corruption has not slowed down as a result of greater economic freedom, but instead has grown more entrenched and severe in its character and scope. In popular perception, there are more dishonest CCP officials than honest ones, a reversal of the views held in the first decade of reform of the 1980s.[3] China specialist Minxin Pei argues that failure to contain widespread corruption is among the most serious threats to China’s future economic and political stability.[5] Bribery, kickbacks, theft, and misspending of public funds costs at least three percent of GDP.