Startseite > Allgemein > UN is the motor for bribery in the world – die UN als Motor der Bestechung in der Welt

UN is the motor for bribery in the world – die UN als Motor der Bestechung in der Welt

 

17 United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) reports into corruption at Pristina, 2004-2007

UN – Corruption and Crime System in Kosovo

I will not overwhelm the reader with more statistics. Let me just give you a handful of scenarios from the UN country which highlight the nature of the problems and the level of desperation: An EU cow in France is subsidized with three euros a day while every second Kosovan lives on the third of that amount. And he already knows that next year will not be better. If he gets robbed, chances are slim that the perpetrator will be found, despite Kosovo having the highest police force per capita in Europe. If he claims his right to a piece of land, the court shrugs its shoulders (There are 30,000 cases pending in Kosovos courts). If he falls sick the hospital will require that he brings his own syringes and bandages. If she happens to be a Roma or a Serb her house might be burnt down – while NATO soldiers stand watching.

Yes, this has happened, more than once. An unforgivable failure but, alas, not at all incomprehensible.

I have spent months studying what went wrong with this mission only to find that there was a faster way: Chose a head of a local municipality in Sweden or in Scotland, show her this UN-state, the rules, the hierarchies, the salary lists, the managers, everything – and then ask her if she could run Nyköping that way. „Unthinkable,“ she will answer, „unless you want to invite a band of hooligans to take over town.“

For sure there is no easy explanation to the debacle, but there is a pattern, a kind of ghostly method behind the madness. My articles try to find the name of this method.

It is hard to make a past performance evaluation of UN missions because they are so volatile. The international community has a gigantic body but a memory shorter than Vänsjö’s fishing club. Responsible persons are continuously replaced, reports are forgotten, you keep looking to the future with last year already long forgotten history. Kosovo is a shining exception to this rule. For the first time there is more information about the mistakes committed than what one would maybe like to know. Gratifyingly enough it is two Swedish makings that have made this difference.

The first one is called Inga-Britt Ahlenius. In November 2003 when she had grown too independent to the taste of the Persson government, she accepted the assignment to establish an Auditor General Office in Kosovo. The second phenomenon is called Ombudsman, an institution created by the Swedish Parliament in 1809. Kofi Annan thought that this institution could be useful in Kosovo to supervise the UN. But nobody could imagine that the person tasked with this mission would take it so seriously.

Among the first things Inga-Britt undertook in Kosovo was to produce framed sign boards with the text: „Kurrë mos harroni se një cent…“, which means: „Never forget that every cent wasted from the taxpayer’s money is stealing from the poor. Gustav Möller (1884-1970), Swedish minister of social affairs.“

Thereafter, together with the European anti-fraud organization OLAF, she set out to scrutinize Kosovo’s international airport. They thought that would take six months but it ended up taking more than two years.

In the spring of 2006, Ahlenius (who by now had been appointed head of the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services, OIOS) published the summary of the findings at the airport, which resulted in a tumult within the UN. The report showed that a group of managers at the airport had consistently been plundering the company for years. Corruption and mismanagement were „systematic“ but could go on unpunished because top UN leaders in Kosovo had not created efficient control routines and had failed to take action against fraud and corruption: the Kosovo governor had received 33 reports on irregularities but most of those remained in his desk drawer.

Inga-Britt Ahlenius warned that if the UN continued to ignore corruption the whole mission could be jeopardized: „The reluctance by senior Mission management to address fraud and corruption will have a devastating impact on public perception inside and outside Kosovo…“

Locals in Kosovo had suspected this for a long time. The rot at Pristina airport was a serial in the local press: bribes for visas, bribes to get a job, money disappearing, nepotism. But now, finally, there would be a real clean up, right?

Here comes the sequel. Governor Jessen-Petersen counter-attacks. There is no corruption worth mentioning at the airport, he states, the report is unfounded, it is a waste of time continuing to discuss this. In fact the airport is a well-run company, you could even call it a success story. Jessen-Petersen is content with having implemented only 21 out of the 74 audit recommendations.

Let’s take a look at what Jessen-Petersen considered unnecessary to judicially proceed against or even to speak about.

The traffic volume at Pristina airport today is similar to the one in Luleå, a small community in Sweden. While Luleå runs the business with some 100 people there are more than 500 employees at Pristina airport. The staffing grew to that level while Jessen-Petersen was governor. At an early stage he received a report (377/04) spelling out the possible reasons behind this increase. He in turn did nothing. I spent six months fighting to extract this secret document from UN in New York. It is scantily worded and all names are erased. But with some effort and the brave support from scouts in Kosovo the story can be reconstructed.

The airport needs a manager for Human Resources. According to UN rules the vacancy must be publicly announced. The British director Ioan Woollett, however, prefers to engage an acquaintance, let’s call him Smith. A feverish activity starts. During the summer of 2004 Smith employs on average three persons a day. Some of them do not know English, lack all kind of education but are supposed to strengthen the finance department. Strikingly beautiful women, witnesses report. In fact, some of them won beauty contests.

After four months the number of staff has been doubled, from 235 to 486 persons. That’s about 200 more than needed. By then Mr. Smith has already left Kosovo (to serve the world community in Sudan). Mr. Woollett later escaped from the UN state. Nobody knows how much money these two men managed to export but it should amount to hundreds of thousands of euros. The bribe fee to get employed at the airport varied between one and three thousand euros. But attractive women could pay by providing Mr. Wollett with „intimate services“, according to sources in Pristina. Apart from the two Brits around ten local employees were involved in this trade.

Let’s look at the stakes. Next to ethnic hatred, corruption is Kosovos biggest problem. It drains the economy and dilutes justice. But a handful of brave individuals chose to do exactly what the UN have told them to. They defy clan culture („never tell on your kinsman“) and take big risks by agreeing to give evidence to the investigators. (One person has been murdered in connection with this bribery business. The kind of risks the used women are running I need not tell.) They deserve all admiration and support.

But what a misunderstanding. It seems the villains are the ones enjoying protection by the UN.

You have to say that the persons who put their trust in the UN learned a lesson they will never forget.

What was to be found on the other scale? Was Jessen-Petersen and his staff threatened by the mafia? At least that would have been dramatic. But Im afraid something much pettier was at stake.
Jessen-Petersen was the fifth governor of Kosovo in as many years.
(It is incomprehensible, but apparently the UN believes that the building of a state can be entrusted to temporary deputies.) How does a foreign governor reason with himself knowing that he will stay maybe for a year and a half as he already aims for more honourable assignments? Does he call people to account for their actions when necessary, does he sack corrupt colleagues who might have powerful friends in New York? Does he risk negative exposure in the press? Or is it better to report about progress?

In the spring of 2005, after about six months in Kosovo, Jessen-Petersen aspires to be appointed head of UNHCR, the most prominent defender of refugee rights. That spring Jessen-Petersen rejects all eleven proposals from UNs own audit institution OIOS to deal with the corruption. (Proposal nine, as an example, states that employment should be based on formal merits.)

His report to the UN Security Council the same summer has very little to do with the actual situation in the province. But as a promotional document for Mr. Peterson himself it is a masterpiece.

Maciej Zaremba, Translated by Oliver Grassman

Notes:
Mr. Bajrami and Mr Smith are reality is called something else.
The OIOS report on Airport Pristina is called OIOS A 60/720 and can be read at
http://www.un.org/Depts/oios/otheroiosreports.htm

http://www.dn.se/DNet/jsp/polopoly.jsp?d=2502&a=664639

Kosovar Businesses Complain of Bribery
………….
“A major priority of the Government of Kosovo is the fight against corruption, organised crime, and other occurrences. Losses are detected in the economy,” he said.

http://balkaninsight.com/en/main/news/14646/

Wie Reuters verbreitet, hat die UN Überwachungs Kommision OIOS, eine hohe Zahl- Betrugs und Korruptionsfällen sowei anderen Rechtsverstössen in der Weltorganisation aufgedeckt. Das Ausmaß von Missmanagement, Betrug und Korrupton übersteige ihre Erwartungen, sagte die OIOS Chefin am Freitag. Derzeit prüfe ihre Behörde 250 Fälle, darunter 80 Verdachtsfälle sexuellen Missbrauchs. Zwei Drittel aller Fälle hätten sich bei Friedens Einsätzen ereignet. Joachim Rückers, der US Ganster Steven Schook, waren eine der vielen Haupt Motoren, für Korruption im Kosovo, wie von Lambsdorf ebenso und der Deutsche Diplomat Michael Schäfer.

Kosovar Businesses Complain of Bribery
………….
“A major priority of the Government of Kosovo is the fight against corruption, organised crime, and other occurrences. Losses are detected in the economy,” he said.

http://balkaninsight.com/en/main/news/14646/

  1. ^ a b „Brigadier General STEVEN P. SCHOOK“. SFOR. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  2. ^ a b „UN Secretary General appoints Steven P. Schook as PDSRSG in Kosovo“. UNMIK. 2006-04-19. Archived from the original on 2008-04-27.
  3. ^ „Secretary-General Appoints Steven Schook of United States Principal Deputy Special Representative in Kosovo (SG/A/994)“. UNIS. 2006-04-19. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Walter Mayr. „The Slow Birth of a Nation“. Der Spiegel. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  6. ^ „UNMIK Deputy Chief Leaves Kosovo“. Balkan Insight. 2007-12-18. Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  7. ^ „New Deputy Head of UNMIK Named“. Balkan Insight. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-04-27.[dead link]
Kategorien:Allgemein Schlagwörter: , , , , , , ,
  1. uka
    November 3, 2012 um 7:25 am

  1. No trackbacks yet.

Schreibe einen Kommentar

Trage deine Daten unten ein oder klicke ein Icon um dich einzuloggen:

WordPress.com-Logo

Du kommentierst mit Deinem WordPress.com-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Twitter-Bild

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Twitter-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Facebook-Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Facebook-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Google+ Foto

Du kommentierst mit Deinem Google+-Konto. Abmelden / Ändern )

Verbinde mit %s

%d Bloggern gefällt das: