Weltbank und IMF Geldsperre für Thailand und Malaysia: ? Wegen Menschen Handel
The United States Department of State has placed Thailand and Malaysia on its blacklist over their failure to meet minimum standards in fighting human trafficking.
Thailand and Malaysia are among 23 countries to receive the lowest ranking – tier 3 – on the US annual Trafficking in Persons Report, a move that may stain relations with two important partners in Asia.
Meanwhile, Thai ambassador to the US, Vijavat Isarabhakdi, said the report did not recognize “our vigorous, government-wide efforts that yielded unprecedented progress and concrete results.”
US President Barack Obama has 90 days to determine whether to take action on tier 3 status nations, including imposing sanctions, blocking various types of aid, and withdrawing US support for loans from the World Bank and International Monetary Fund.
Washington, however, has been criticized for being selective on choosing low-tiered countries for punishment, which is based on its national security interests.
Last year, Uzbekistan was exempted from sanctions even though it received the lowest ranking.
Venezuela and Gambia were two other nations which have been downgraded to tier 3.
Incumbents at tier 3 include North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Syria and Zimbabwe.
The annual US assessment was launched by US Secretary of State John Kerry on Friday to monitor how 188 governments around the world have performed in fighting human trafficking.
Evaluations are made based on the actions governments take, rather than the scale of the problem in their country.