Posts Tagged ‘corruption’

UN is the motor for bribery in the world – die UN als Motor der Bestechung in der Welt

April 21, 2012 1 Kommentar


17 United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) reports into corruption at Pristina, 2004-2007

UN – Corruption and Crime System in Kosovo

I will not overwhelm the reader with more statistics. Let me just give you a handful of scenarios from the UN country which highlight the nature of the problems and the level of desperation: An EU cow in France is subsidized with three euros a day while every second Kosovan lives on the third of that amount. And he already knows that next year will not be better. If he gets robbed, chances are slim that the perpetrator will be found, despite Kosovo having the highest police force per capita in Europe. If he claims his right to a piece of land, the court shrugs its shoulders (There are 30,000 cases pending in Kosovos courts). If he falls sick the hospital will require that he brings his own syringes and bandages. If she happens to be a Roma or a Serb her house might be burnt down – while NATO soldiers stand watching.

Yes, this has happened, more than once. An unforgivable failure but, alas, not at all incomprehensible.

I have spent months studying what went wrong with this mission only to find that there was a faster way: Chose a head of a local municipality in Sweden or in Scotland, show her this UN-state, the rules, the hierarchies, the salary lists, the managers, everything – and then ask her if she could run Nyköping that way. „Unthinkable,“ she will answer, „unless you want to invite a band of hooligans to take over town.“

For sure there is no easy explanation to the debacle, but there is a pattern, a kind of ghostly method behind the madness. My articles try to find the name of this method.

It is hard to make a past performance evaluation of UN missions because they are so volatile. The international community has a gigantic body but a memory shorter than Vänsjö’s fishing club. Responsible persons are continuously replaced, reports are forgotten, you keep looking to the future with last year already long forgotten history. Kosovo is a shining exception to this rule. For the first time there is more information about the mistakes committed than what one would maybe like to know. Gratifyingly enough it is two Swedish makings that have made this difference.

The first one is called Inga-Britt Ahlenius. In November 2003 when she had grown too independent to the taste of the Persson government, she accepted the assignment to establish an Auditor General Office in Kosovo. The second phenomenon is called Ombudsman, an institution created by the Swedish Parliament in 1809. Kofi Annan thought that this institution could be useful in Kosovo to supervise the UN. But nobody could imagine that the person tasked with this mission would take it so seriously.

Among the first things Inga-Britt undertook in Kosovo was to produce framed sign boards with the text: „Kurrë mos harroni se një cent…“, which means: „Never forget that every cent wasted from the taxpayer’s money is stealing from the poor. Gustav Möller (1884-1970), Swedish minister of social affairs.“

Thereafter, together with the European anti-fraud organization OLAF, she set out to scrutinize Kosovo’s international airport. They thought that would take six months but it ended up taking more than two years.

In the spring of 2006, Ahlenius (who by now had been appointed head of the UN Office of Internal Oversight Services, OIOS) published the summary of the findings at the airport, which resulted in a tumult within the UN. The report showed that a group of managers at the airport had consistently been plundering the company for years. Corruption and mismanagement were „systematic“ but could go on unpunished because top UN leaders in Kosovo had not created efficient control routines and had failed to take action against fraud and corruption: the Kosovo governor had received 33 reports on irregularities but most of those remained in his desk drawer.

Inga-Britt Ahlenius warned that if the UN continued to ignore corruption the whole mission could be jeopardized: „The reluctance by senior Mission management to address fraud and corruption will have a devastating impact on public perception inside and outside Kosovo…“

Locals in Kosovo had suspected this for a long time. The rot at Pristina airport was a serial in the local press: bribes for visas, bribes to get a job, money disappearing, nepotism. But now, finally, there would be a real clean up, right?

Here comes the sequel. Governor Jessen-Petersen counter-attacks. There is no corruption worth mentioning at the airport, he states, the report is unfounded, it is a waste of time continuing to discuss this. In fact the airport is a well-run company, you could even call it a success story. Jessen-Petersen is content with having implemented only 21 out of the 74 audit recommendations.

Let’s take a look at what Jessen-Petersen considered unnecessary to judicially proceed against or even to speak about.

The traffic volume at Pristina airport today is similar to the one in Luleå, a small community in Sweden. While Luleå runs the business with some 100 people there are more than 500 employees at Pristina airport. The staffing grew to that level while Jessen-Petersen was governor. At an early stage he received a report (377/04) spelling out the possible reasons behind this increase. He in turn did nothing. I spent six months fighting to extract this secret document from UN in New York. It is scantily worded and all names are erased. But with some effort and the brave support from scouts in Kosovo the story can be reconstructed.

The airport needs a manager for Human Resources. According to UN rules the vacancy must be publicly announced. The British director Ioan Woollett, however, prefers to engage an acquaintance, let’s call him Smith. A feverish activity starts. During the summer of 2004 Smith employs on average three persons a day. Some of them do not know English, lack all kind of education but are supposed to strengthen the finance department. Strikingly beautiful women, witnesses report. In fact, some of them won beauty contests.

After four months the number of staff has been doubled, from 235 to 486 persons. That’s about 200 more than needed. By then Mr. Smith has already left Kosovo (to serve the world community in Sudan). Mr. Woollett later escaped from the UN state. Nobody knows how much money these two men managed to export but it should amount to hundreds of thousands of euros. The bribe fee to get employed at the airport varied between one and three thousand euros. But attractive women could pay by providing Mr. Wollett with „intimate services“, according to sources in Pristina. Apart from the two Brits around ten local employees were involved in this trade.

Let’s look at the stakes. Next to ethnic hatred, corruption is Kosovos biggest problem. It drains the economy and dilutes justice. But a handful of brave individuals chose to do exactly what the UN have told them to. They defy clan culture („never tell on your kinsman“) and take big risks by agreeing to give evidence to the investigators. (One person has been murdered in connection with this bribery business. The kind of risks the used women are running I need not tell.) They deserve all admiration and support.

But what a misunderstanding. It seems the villains are the ones enjoying protection by the UN.

You have to say that the persons who put their trust in the UN learned a lesson they will never forget.

What was to be found on the other scale? Was Jessen-Petersen and his staff threatened by the mafia? At least that would have been dramatic. But Im afraid something much pettier was at stake.
Jessen-Petersen was the fifth governor of Kosovo in as many years.
(It is incomprehensible, but apparently the UN believes that the building of a state can be entrusted to temporary deputies.) How does a foreign governor reason with himself knowing that he will stay maybe for a year and a half as he already aims for more honourable assignments? Does he call people to account for their actions when necessary, does he sack corrupt colleagues who might have powerful friends in New York? Does he risk negative exposure in the press? Or is it better to report about progress?

In the spring of 2005, after about six months in Kosovo, Jessen-Petersen aspires to be appointed head of UNHCR, the most prominent defender of refugee rights. That spring Jessen-Petersen rejects all eleven proposals from UNs own audit institution OIOS to deal with the corruption. (Proposal nine, as an example, states that employment should be based on formal merits.)

His report to the UN Security Council the same summer has very little to do with the actual situation in the province. But as a promotional document for Mr. Peterson himself it is a masterpiece.

Maciej Zaremba, Translated by Oliver Grassman

Mr. Bajrami and Mr Smith are reality is called something else.
The OIOS report on Airport Pristina is called OIOS A 60/720 and can be read at

Kosovar Businesses Complain of Bribery
“A major priority of the Government of Kosovo is the fight against corruption, organised crime, and other occurrences. Losses are detected in the economy,” he said.

Wie Reuters verbreitet, hat die UN Überwachungs Kommision OIOS, eine hohe Zahl- Betrugs und Korruptionsfällen sowei anderen Rechtsverstössen in der Weltorganisation aufgedeckt. Das Ausmaß von Missmanagement, Betrug und Korrupton übersteige ihre Erwartungen, sagte die OIOS Chefin am Freitag. Derzeit prüfe ihre Behörde 250 Fälle, darunter 80 Verdachtsfälle sexuellen Missbrauchs. Zwei Drittel aller Fälle hätten sich bei Friedens Einsätzen ereignet. Joachim Rückers, der US Ganster Steven Schook, waren eine der vielen Haupt Motoren, für Korruption im Kosovo, wie von Lambsdorf ebenso und der Deutsche Diplomat Michael Schäfer.

Kosovar Businesses Complain of Bribery
“A major priority of the Government of Kosovo is the fight against corruption, organised crime, and other occurrences. Losses are detected in the economy,” he said.

  1. ^ a b „Brigadier General STEVEN P. SCHOOK“. SFOR. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  2. ^ a b „UN Secretary General appoints Steven P. Schook as PDSRSG in Kosovo“. UNMIK. 2006-04-19. Archived from the original on 2008-04-27.
  3. ^ „Secretary-General Appoints Steven Schook of United States Principal Deputy Special Representative in Kosovo (SG/A/994)“. UNIS. 2006-04-19. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ Walter Mayr. „The Slow Birth of a Nation“. Der Spiegel. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  6. ^ „UNMIK Deputy Chief Leaves Kosovo“. Balkan Insight. 2007-12-18. Archived from the original on 2007-12-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  7. ^ „New Deputy Head of UNMIK Named“. Balkan Insight. 2008-01-09. Retrieved 2008-04-27.[dead link]
Kategorien:Allgemein Schlagwörter: , , , , , , ,

Erdogan’s Turkey: A rule more ruthless

The son of Erdogan is crime buseness person: full corruption deals, with telekom firms

March 28, 2012 8:15 pm

Erdogan’s Turkey: A rule more ruthless

A decade on, the AKP government’s hold on power is ever more authoritarian

Riot police stand guard in front of an election campaign office, Turkey©Reuters

His pictures and posters are these days almost as ubiquitous as those of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founding father of the modern Turkish nation. Recep Tayyip Erdogan has come to tower over the country’s political landscape. Elected last June for the third time since 2002 and with a still rising share of the vote, he is a prime minister preternaturally buoyed by the strength of his rapport with the Anatolian heartland.

In Mr Erdogan’s decade, Turkey has re-emerged as a regional power. Its economy has grown at near-Chinese speed, spreading wealth and healthcare, schools and roads, while a new breed of “Anatolian tiger” entrepreneurs has risen up against the incumbent handful of business conglomerates. The ruling Justice and Development party (AKP), refined from the debris of two banned Islamist parties into a Muslim version of Christian democracy, has sidelined the secular elites that had ruled as of right the republic created by Ataturk.


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IN Analysis

Turkey chart ThumbnailClick to enlarge

Mr Erdogan devoted his first term to overdue political reform and strengthening civil and minority rights. He used his popularity to shove Turkey’s mighty generals offstage during a stormy second term. Now, he faces no rival to his power – and his tolerance of any challenge to it is shrinking.

Along with a gathering air of authoritarianism, many detect the first whiff of hubris. Prosecutions of journalists, violations of due process in cases against political foes and the ramming through of contentious legislation all attest to the trend. If the constitutional revolution started by the AKP – after decades of managed democracy by the army and the Kemalist establishment – is going backwards, it is a development that could have big implications for a country that has an increasing clout on the world stage.

While there is no single reason for the shift, Mr Erdogan’s fiery temperament is clearly a factor. Although some observers believe his outbursts are calculated, one Istanbul commentator says he has “eagerly embraced the solitude of power”. Hakan Altinay, chairman of the Open Society Foundation in Istanbul, a branch of George Soros’s advocacy organisation, says “the only feedback he’s interested in is acclaim and loyalty”. Even an AKP loyalist MP acknowledges the problem: “He listens but he thinks he knows everything already and that ‘whatever I decide, works’.”

The prime minister’s outmanoeuvring of the military – more than one in 10 generals are now behind bars for alleged plots against his government – has removed a check on executive power, however undemocratic. More damagingly, a paralysis in negotiations on accession to the European Union has shut down a formidable engine of democratic renewal.

Last year, Turkey leapfrogged Vladimir Putin’s Russia in the number of cases brought against it at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg, its 159 cases outstripping Russia’s 121. In the absence of Brussels, Strasbourg has some leverage. This month, the journalists Nedim Sener and Ahmet Sik, in pre-trial detention for more than a year for writings on the influence inside the Turkish state of the shadowy Islamist movement inspired by Fetullah Gulen, a US-based imam, were released – only days before the court was due to hear their complaint.

That still leaves 104 journalists in jail, 69 of them from the Kurdish minority and more than Iran (42) and China (27) combined. The old joke about committing journalism has real bite in Turkey, especially after Mr Erdogan himself, speaking last April in Strasbourg of all places, likened Mr Sik’s then unpublished book on the Gulenists to a bomb.

. . .

Kenan Evren, a very important good leader in turkey

Kategorien:Europa Schlagwörter: , ,

128 Milliarden $, Korruption Geld überweisen Beamte Chinas ins Ausland pro Jahr

„Zug von Ameisen“ mit Geldkoffern

Laut der Untersuchung sind seit Mitte der 1990er-Jahre bis 2008 etwa 18.000 Beamte aus dem Land verschwunden, weil sie offenbar genug Geld durch Bestechung kassiert hatten. Ein Großteil habe sich ins Ausland abgesetzt, einige seien auch in China untergetaucht.

Besonders beliebt bei korrupten Beamten sind die USA, Kanada, Australien und die Niederlande. Dorthin seien vor allem hochrangige Beamte ausgesiedelt. Niederrangige Beamte, die vermutlich nicht so viel Geld kassieren konnten, mussten sich dem Bericht zufolge mit chinesischen Nachbarländern begnügen, darunter Thailand, Malaysia oder auch Russland.

Mit sich nahmen sie 123 Milliarden Dollar, die sie in einem Zeitraum von etwa 15Jahren kassiert hätten, schreiben die Studienautoren. Welche Summen für die Bestechung von Beamten in China in diesem Zeitraum insgesamt bezahlt wurden, ist in dem Bericht nicht erhoben.

Verfahren gegen 146.000 Beamte

Im vergangenen Jahr gab es gegen 146.000 Beamte ein Disziplinarverfahren (nicht nur wegen Korruption, sondern wegen verschiedenster Vergehen), 5373 wurden angeklagt.

Premier Wen sprach bei einem Auftritt im März offen davon, dass „einige Bereiche unseres Landes a

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Corrupt officials took $124bn out of China

By Jamil Anderlini in Beijing

Published: June 16 2011 19:08 | Last updated: June 16 2011 19:08

Corrupt Chinese officials smuggled an estimated Rmb800bn ($123.6bn) of ill-gotten gains out of the country over a 15-year period, according to a report released by China’s central bank.

nfällig sind für Korruption“. Als eine Folge müssen hochrangige Beamte ihre Vermögens- und Einkommensverhältnisse offenlegen.

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Corrupt officials took $124bn out of China

By Jamil Anderlini in Beijing

Published: June 16 2011 19:08 | Last updated: June 16 2011 19:08

Corrupt Chinese officials smuggled an estimated Rmb800bn ($123.6bn) of ill-gotten gains out of the country over a 15-year period, according to a report released by China’s central bank.

Corruption in the People’s Republic of China

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Political corruption
Corruption Perceptions Index, 2010
Corruption Perceptions Index, 2010
Electoral fraud · Economics of corruption
Nepotism · Bribery · Cronyism · Slush fund

Corruption by country

The People’s Republic of China suffers from widespread corruption. For 2008, China was ranked 72 of 179 countries in Transparency International’s Corruption Perceptions Index. Means of corruption include graft, bribery, embezzlement, backdoor deals, nepotism, patronage, and statistical falsification.[1]

Cadre corruption in post-1949 China lies in the „organizational involution“ of the ruling party, including the regime’s policies, institutions, norms, and failure to adapt to a changing environment in the post-Mao era.[2] Like other socialist economies that have gone through monumental transition, post-Mao China has experienced unprecedented levels of corruption,[3] making the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) „one of the most corrupt organisations the world has ever witnessed,“ according to Will Hutton.[4]

Public surveys on the mainland since the late 1980s have shown that it is among the top concerns of the general public. According to Yan Sun, Associate Professor of Political Science at the City University of New York, it was corruption, rather than democracy as such, that lay at the root of the social dissatisfaction that led to the Tiananmen protest movement of 1989.[3] Corruption undermines the legitimacy of the CCP, adds to economic inequality, undermines the environment, and fuels social unrest.[5]

Since then, corruption has not slowed down as a result of greater economic freedom, but instead has grown more entrenched and severe in its character and scope. In popular perception, there are more dishonest CCP officials than honest ones, a reversal of the views held in the first decade of reform of the 1980s.[3] China specialist Minxin Pei argues that failure to contain widespread corruption is among the most serious threats to China’s future economic and political stability.[5] Bribery, kickbacks, theft, and misspending of public funds costs at least three percent of GDP.